ABOUT VIETNAM

Vietnam War Timeline

3000 B.C.

Legendary Kingdom of Van Lang.

 

450 B.C.

Migration of Viets to North Vietnam.

 

111 B.C.

Chinese begin 1000-year rule of Vietnam.

 

39-43

Trung sisters rebellion.

 

938

Vietnam gains independence from China.

 

1407

China retakes Vietnam.

 

1428

Vietnam defeats China.

 

1640

Alexandre de Rhodes arrives in Vietnam.

 

1847

French ships sunk Vietnam Navy at De Nang.

 

1859

Saigon falls to French troops.

 

1884

Treaty gives French all of Vietnam.

 

1906-8

Phan Boi Chau leads peasant rebellion.

 

1918

Nguyen Ai Quoc at Versailles Conference.

 

1925

Ai Quoc founds Revolutionary Youth League.

 

1926

Cao Dai religious sect founded.

 

1927

Vietnamese Nationalist uprising.

Indochinese Communist party founded.

 

1930

French Crush Nationalist uprising.

Indochinese Communist party founded.

 

1940

Communist party outlawed.

Hoa Hao Buddhist sect founded.

 

1941

Japanese solidify control over Vietnam.

French initiate “Policy of regard.”

Vietminh founded.

 

1943

Nguyen Ai Quoc changes name to Ho Chi Minh.

 

1944

Vietnam Liberation Army created under Giap.

 

1945

Vietminh seize power from Japan August 19th.

Ho Chi Minh proclaims Vietnam free September 2nd.

 

1950

President Truman provides U.S. aid to French military in Indochina;

35 American advisors sent to Vietnam.

 

1954

Geneva Conference on Indochina.

President Eisenhower pledges aid to South Vietnam.

 

1961

President Kennedy increases number of American military advisers to South Vietnam.

 

1964

American and North Vietnamese forces Clash in the Gulf of Tonkin.

Congress grants President Johnson authority to “take all necessary steps to repel armed attacks against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression” (Gulf of Tonkin Resolution)

 

1965

U.S. initiates bombing of North Vietnam.

 

1968

Tet Offensive.

Johnson orders bombing halt, providing basis for negotiations.

 

1969

Paris peace talks begin in earnest.

President Nixon calls for “Vietnamization” of the war, orders staged withdrawal of American troops.

 

1970

U.S. troops enter Cambodia to destroy North Vietnam supply bases.

 

1971

Secret peace negotiations with North Vietnam begun by presidential adviser Henry Kissinger.

 

1972

Last U.S. combat troops leave South Vietnam.

Christmas bombing of Hanoi–Haiphong.

 

1973

Truce agreement signed in Paris, Cease-fire in Vietnam.

Last U.S. military personnel leave South Vietnam. U.S. prisoners of war released.

 

1975

Fall of Saigon.

Evacuation of American Embassy.